Task 9: leaderships

Hi sweeties! My name is MªLuisa and this week I’m the translator, so here I lend you our five terms that we think was essential to understand this topic.

  1. Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill, regarding the ability of an individual or organization to “lead” or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.  It could be defined too like the  process of social influence in which a person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task.
  2. Authoritarian leadership. Authoritarian leaders insist on doing everything themselves. They have all the power, make all decisions and often do not tell anyone what you are doing. If you work for an autocratic leader, the job is usually to do what the leader says. Often authoritarian leader maintains his authority by force, intimidation, threats, reward and punishment or position. Although that may or may not have a clear vision and it may or may not be leading the organization in the right direction, it does not care if anyone agrees or not with what he is doing.

    Authoritarian leadership allows rapid decision making and eliminates discussions about how and why things are done. On the other hand, it can simultaneously reduce the probability of a range of different ideas from different people, and can lead to mistreat people or as if they do not matter.

  3. Participative leadership. A participative leader tries to involve all members of the organization in the direction. It is really the first among equals, in the sense that instead of dealing with a particular job, you can start a debate, identify problems or issues to be addressed and keep track of the organization as a whole. However, decisions are made through a process of discussion in collaboration and in some cases, by a majority or by consensus. To that end, a participative  leader tries to build trust and teamwork among the staff as a whole
  4. Transactional leadership, as its name implies, leadership is based on transactions between leader and followers. The leader believes that human relationships are a series of transactions, ie, rewards, punishments; reciprocity, (economic, emotional, physical) exchanges and other “transactions” are the foundation of leadership. In simpler terms: I lead this organization paying him and telling you what needs to be done. You respond doing what must be done efficiently and properly, and the organization prospers.
  5. Transformational leadership.  This leadership  considered a true leader someone who can condense the values, hopes and needs of followers in a vision and then, encourage and empower followers to achieve that vision , It is more a sentimental or feeling vision. A transactional leader thinks about the improvement or development, doing the same things but better: an organization that reaches more people, a company that earns more money. A transformational leader thinks of changing the world, if only on a small scale.
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