Task 10: Schools that learn

Hello there! I am Celia and I am the translator role this week. My work consisted of choosing the five most important words of this activity. Hope this post teaches you something new!

Organizations that learn: It is a counterfactual model that provide ideas, processes and strategies to orientate how the educational centers can learn, and at the same time to explain why, in so many occasions, they do not do it. The organizations that learn do not learn just to learn but their main goal is to create committed and participative people that pursuing common purposes and that they try to develop more efficient ways to reach those goals, adapting to the requests of the environment.

Distributed cognition: Explains well how knowledge can be distributed among the groups. Each member of the group is specialized in a function that passes the group and, in that sense, the total capacity of the group is distributed among the members. The contextual relationships in which the members work, cooperating around common projects in professional communities, are also very important.

Individual learning: It is very important that the organizations have individual learning as much as to have learning in groups and in teams. The teachers in this case need to be apprentice and learn as much as possible because the organizations need teacher that are not conformist and they try to learn new concepts every day, so in that case they can give to their students a better training. This definition along the distributed cognition constitute the Learning of the Organization.

Teaching teams (Equipos Docentes): It is an organizational unity which mediates between the educational center and the classrooms, along with the departments. The teaching staff that is working whether in the teaching teams or in the departments are in charge of working together to translate the educational options, values and purposes of the school. It is very important that every single educational center have teaching teams and departments to coordinate everything related to the school and the teaching because without it the school would be immersed in a chaos.

Speed Learning: It is a teaching method in which the class is divided into groups to present their work, while somebody of the group is presenting their work, the rest of the team have to go to see the works of the others groups of the class and so on. The time is around five to ten minutes that is why it is called “speed learning” and the class is distributed in the best possible way for the learning to happen. This teaching method is very interesting because you get to see the works of your classmates, compare the work you have done to the work they have done, see different perspectives of the work and the most important thing is that you learn from this experience.


Task 9: leaderships

Hi sweeties! My name is MªLuisa and this week I’m the translator, so here I lend you our five terms that we think was essential to understand this topic.

  1. Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill, regarding the ability of an individual or organization to “lead” or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.  It could be defined too like the  process of social influence in which a person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task.
  2. Authoritarian leadership. Authoritarian leaders insist on doing everything themselves. They have all the power, make all decisions and often do not tell anyone what you are doing. If you work for an autocratic leader, the job is usually to do what the leader says. Often authoritarian leader maintains his authority by force, intimidation, threats, reward and punishment or position. Although that may or may not have a clear vision and it may or may not be leading the organization in the right direction, it does not care if anyone agrees or not with what he is doing.

    Authoritarian leadership allows rapid decision making and eliminates discussions about how and why things are done. On the other hand, it can simultaneously reduce the probability of a range of different ideas from different people, and can lead to mistreat people or as if they do not matter.

  3. Participative leadership. A participative leader tries to involve all members of the organization in the direction. It is really the first among equals, in the sense that instead of dealing with a particular job, you can start a debate, identify problems or issues to be addressed and keep track of the organization as a whole. However, decisions are made through a process of discussion in collaboration and in some cases, by a majority or by consensus. To that end, a participative  leader tries to build trust and teamwork among the staff as a whole
  4. Transactional leadership, as its name implies, leadership is based on transactions between leader and followers. The leader believes that human relationships are a series of transactions, ie, rewards, punishments; reciprocity, (economic, emotional, physical) exchanges and other “transactions” are the foundation of leadership. In simpler terms: I lead this organization paying him and telling you what needs to be done. You respond doing what must be done efficiently and properly, and the organization prospers.
  5. Transformational leadership.  This leadership  considered a true leader someone who can condense the values, hopes and needs of followers in a vision and then, encourage and empower followers to achieve that vision , It is more a sentimental or feeling vision. A transactional leader thinks about the improvement or development, doing the same things but better: an organization that reaches more people, a company that earns more money. A transformational leader thinks of changing the world, if only on a small scale.

Task 8

Hi guys! I’m María and this week I have the translator’s role.

As this week we have had to record the yellow press programme, there aren’t terms to define so I am going to explain my role in the task.

I was part of a story related to the teacher-student’s relationship.We pretended to take part on the programme “there is something I have to tell you”. I acted as a reporter who was looking for the principal host of the programme who was Jose who acted as a beloved teacher whose students wanted him to came back to school.

By making this task we have been able to experiment in deeph the different relationships inside schools and how they affect to the people involved.




Hi there! It’s Ester, this week’s Sweet Chilli Pepper’s translator. Here you can read the new concepts that we have learnt during this week:

-Film editing: is a practice that comes after the filmmaking that mainly consists on removing, modifying and assembling the shots of a film; so the film editors usually start working with the raw footage and this process involves using digital technology.

However, we could say that film editing is also an art because it does not only consists on putting toguether the parts of the film, cutting pieces and editing dialogue scenes but also consists on working with the layers of images, pictures, music etc.

-Chroma set: is a technique that can be used in films, videos and still photographys that consists on replacing a portion of an image with a new one. It is usually used to replace a coloured background with a different setting.

-Script: is the the written part of the film where every dialogue and action of the actors of the film is described. The scripts or screenplays can be original works or can be adaptations made from other previous written pieces.

Stage management:is a practice that consists on coordinating, leading and organazing a theatrical production. The person who has this responsability is called stage manager and  is in charge of doing a lot of different tasks, such as controlling the production and coordinating the communication between different people (for example, between the actors and the production management)

-Prompter: is the person who is in charge of cueing actors when they forget their dialogues or when they are not in the right place in the stage. Nowadays, the stage manager has a copy of the script that is called the prompt book, and they are responsible for some of the earlier duties of the promters.


Hello everyone! I´m Noemí Pacetti and this week I´ve played the role of translator of the group, so in the following lines I will explain you the five most important terms that we have learned after doing this task. Here you are!

Complexity theory: This theory examine complex system, such as education, develop over time. The complexity theory help us to understand how learning and teaching are consider in the current digital era regarding the schooling context. Educational systems are composed of a huge number of complex elements. They have structures interrelated. They are organised in levels, and each part of each level is connected too so, we can compare it with a tree in a way, each part has a concrete function and all of them are interconnected to carry on a project, which in this case is the functioning of an educational system. All about this process should be understand within the particular context of a particular school.

Emerging knowledge: The concept of emerging knowledge is referred to the knowledge that emerges through the connections of the different parts of the educational system. Through connections the ideas are discussed and evaluated. Emerging knowledge is influenced by the parts, participants and processes within the context. New knowledge is being created constantly across the multiple interrelations among the elements of the educational system. This new knowledge is beneficial and affects other levels so, normally the new ideas lead to changes.

Diversity: This term is referred to variety and difference. Concerning to an educational system, this concepts means that the complex organisation evaluate the knowledge that has emerge and then it is generated from then the diversity of practices, ideas and systems. For example, if we introduce some digital technology in a school, such as a tablet, each school will have a different response to this matter. That occurs because each educational system is influenced by particular factors so the changes generated should be understood in that concrete context. At the same time that diversity happens, other things become redundant, such as the paper to write.

Deterministic order: The place between a deterministic order and randomness it is called “edge of chaos”. All the resulting changes of the complexity context are between this two aspects. School are influenced by a lot of factors. There is a pressure of a deterministic order that want to continue with the same, with the traditional situation, and against it, there is another pressure to innovate. When this second pressure is heavier, new knowledge can emerge.

Connections: Connections and relationships play an essential role when we talk about the school system. The processes of teaching and learning in the digital era might be supported by the connectivist learning theory that states that knowledge is created through connections and learning occurs where the learners belong. Connections exist for the purpose of learning. There are a lot of different and possible connections: with the students, with peers, with the classroom and in general with everything that can lead to learning

That´s all guys, I hope you find them useful!




Task 5: Summarizing the subject until now

Hello there! My name is Celia and in this week´s task I have been the translator. Hope this terms are useful for you guys!

Moovly: It is an online site 2.0 in which you can create a lot of videos and animations. It is so simple to use and allows you to be very creative because there are countless of images and effects that you can add to your animated video. You can upload the animated video that you have done throughout Youtube or Facebook. It is important to bear in mind that with this tool you can decide whether you want a free service or a non-free one. This tool is very interesting and funny for students because it helps them to develop their creativity.

Youtube: It is a web site in which you can upload videos in a free way and share them with a lot of people. It is so simple to upload a video and also very simple the way it works. You can search other´s people videos and liking them by giving them a “thumbs up” or disliking them by giving them a “thumbs down”.It is very useful to every field due to there are millions of videos about so many different topics.

Thumbs up: It is a term that is used in Youtbe to indicate that you have liked the video, in this case we need as much likes or “thumbs up” as we can get due to if the video that you have upload to youtube has many likes that helps you increase your final grade of the work.

Powtoon: It is a program mainly for designing presentations that allows you to present different topics for your classes and also to present your work. Powtoon is similar to Power Point because it is composed by slideshow in which you can add text and messages, allowing the animation of all those elements and making it look like a comic. It also includes music and the possibility to add your own voice-over. Once your work is over you can upload it throughout Youtube or save it. Also, it is important to say that this tool offers you a free service or a non-free service.

Voice-over: It is a technique that is used to add the video a sound for the background that is made by a person´s voice, this kind of technique is used for many different applications for example, documentary, films, or like in this case for doing a presentation. This technique is so useful due to it allows you to show slideshare and at the same time explaining them.

Task 4: the dark side of the textbooks

hi sweeties!  i’m Mª Luisa and this week i’m the translator, so here I’m going to give you the most important terms that we have found.

  • Textbooks: Nobody knows why textbooks is nowadays the most important resource in education, maybe because of the laziness of teachers who do not want to think a bit in their methods of teaching. But, and because other reasons, children are limited in their way of learning and discovering a lot of interesting concepts, textbooks think for them so, why they would do an effort?
  • Comic: there are many ways in order to define comics. Will Eisner defines comics as a sequential art. Scott McCloud defines comics as juxtaposed pictorial and other images in deliberate sequence with the objective of convey information and produce an aesthetic response in the viewer. Another and an easier definition of comics could be a visual medium, often combined with text, that express ideas via images. Normally, juxtaposed sequences of panels of images.
  • Infographic:are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present complex information quickly and clearly. They can improve cognition by utilizing graphics to enhance the human visual system’s ability to see patterns and trends. The process of creating infographics can be referred to as data visualization, nformation design, or information architecture.The entire infographic could potentially be interactive, allowing people to play with the data, turn knobs and dials and get a feel for the data behind the visual. Additionally, savvy users could also access and download or fork the data behind each inographic.
  • Editorial: A type of company that is responsible for the publication and distribution of writings. The edition of the book does not include the activity of circulating the information available to the general public (distribution). In some cases, authors may be their own publishers.
  • Ideology: The textbooks are in many times influenced by the political situation of the moment or the type of editorial which create it. It is very worrying because children grow influenced by the way of thinking of others and not by themselves. It is an error because they do not have open-mind in most cases and in the future we do not have citizens with their own ideas, they just follow most powerful people

Task 3: Terms about CC licenses reviewed

Copyright: It is the ownership of an intellectual property with some limits prescribed by a particular law. The copyright law gives the owner of a property has the closed right to print, distribute, and copy the work. On the other hand, the permission must be obtained by anyone who wants to reuse the work in these ways. Copyright provided automatically to the author of an original work covered by the law as soon as the work is made.

Creative common license: It is a type of license based on the contrary of ‘all right reserved’ by Copyright. Creative Commons license helps to share information in a free way with the minimum condition of naming the author (attribution) and depending on other types of licenses you should respect Non-Commercial licenses, ShareAlike license, NoDerivs, license and the mixed among them.

Public domain: Content in public domain means all that intellectual knowledge in which the Copyright license have expired and it keeps free. Public domain lets everyone have access to all that knowledge without obeying any kind of license. For example, the works of Shakespeare and Beethoven are all now in the public domain by either being created before copyrights existed or leaving the copyright term.

Attribution: It is the basic element of creative common licence where the author of the content has to be credit, the tittle of the content must be provided as well as the URL where the content can be found and the type of licence under which the content is should be established.

Slide Share: It is a Web 2.0 based slide hosting service where slides in different formats such as PDF or OpenDocument can be uploaded and seen. This tool provides users the possibility to rate, comment on, and share the uploaded content. It was actually only for business at the beginning, whereas nowadays it can be used for any purpose. It is especially useful for educational goals.

Task 3: The most important terms about Creative Commons Licence

Copyright: It is also called author’s right and it makes reference to the intellectual property by which the author of a determinate content conserve the right of being asked for permission and being paid for their work if someone else wants to use it for any certain goal. If a content under copyright is used without the author’s permission, there might be legal actions against them.
Creative common licence: It is a type of licence that makes reference to a range of different elements applied to the content under the licence. Those elements establish some specific restrictions over the content. The elements have to be selected by the author and must be included in the tittle of the content under the licence. Some of those elements are Attribution(BY), non-commercial(NC), Non derivative works (ND), Share Alike (SA), each of them establish a specific restriction.
Public domain: It makes reference to a range of contents free of restrictions, being not necessary asking for permission. That’s why this content can be used, modified or copied without asking for permission. Although public domain work is free of some use rights there could be some other rights such as publicity or moral rights.
Attribution: It is the basic element of creative common licence where the author of the content has to be credit, the tittle of the content must be provided as well as the URL where the content can be found and the type of licence under which the content is should be established.
Slide Share: It is a Web 2.0 based slide hosting service where slides in different formats such as PDF or OpenDocument can be uploaded and seen. This tool provides users the possibility to rate, comment on, and share the uploaded content. It was actually only for business at the beginning, whereas nowadays it can be used for any purpose. It is especially useful for educational goals.